Should U.S. intervention in Sudan be supported? A Closer Look
by Ken Morgan
Originally posted 3/30/2007
U.S. Role in Africa
The U.S. involvement in Africa over the last 40 or so
years is quite revealing. The year 1961 saw the U.S.
and its imperialists friends interfere in the Belgian
Congo. The fingerprints of the U.S. remain all over
the assassination of Patrice Lumumba. In 1965, CIA
backed military coup overthrew President Joseph
Kasavubu and ushered in Joseph Mobutu to power. In
1966, the U.S. backed overthrow of Kwame Nkrumah in
Ghana. Between 1976 and 1992 US CIA support for
Angolan South -African backed rebels in their attempt
to overthrow the legitimate government of Angola. In
1978, the U.S. helped to foment war between Ethiopia
and Somalia. The U.S. continued to support apartheid
South Africa almost up to the very end of the
apartheid system and the triumph of the Nelson Mandela
led ANC. The U.S. provided support for Rhodesia in its
battle to maintain minority rule in what is now
Zimbabwe. The Clinton administration bombed Khartoum
and destroyed a pharmaceutical factory in the name of
fighting terrorism in 1993. The U.S. most recently in
January 2007 facilitated the Ethiopian invasion of
Somalia under the guise of fighting terrorism.
The lure of oil, protecting oil and the supposed war
against terrorism has drawn a growing U.S. military
presence in Africa. The Gulf of Guinea is one such
example. Reasoned speculation exists that U.S.
interest in Sudan is increased dramatically because
Sudan is the third largest African oil producing
The U.S. Army recently set up an African Command and
over the years stepped up its military presence in
Africa. The U.S. trained Djibouti, Ethiopian and Keya
military forces according to the October 21 issue of
USA Today. This past January, U.S. helicopter gun
ships bombed southern Somalia, to defeat the
retreating Somalian forces.
Current bases in Africa are located in Entebbe Uganda,
Djibouti, and Dakar, Senegal as well as smaller
operations in Liberia and Mauritania. SĂŁo TomĂ© and
PrĂncipe are targeted for U.S. military base
construction. The U.S. has garnered military
cooperation with such countries in Northern Africa as
Morocco, and Egypt and to a lesser extent with Algeria
and Tunisia. The U.S. has developed military pacts
with governments such as Gabon and Mauritania, Guinea
Conakry and Rwanda. Factually, the U.S. has become the
major military partner in Africa, far outdistancing
former colonial powers such as Germany, France and
The past history of the U.S. role in Africa combined
with its current military presence that surpasses its
imperialist rivals suggests dubious U.S. humanitarian
concerns regarding Sudan and more interest in
strengthening its African position to further exploit
and keep Sudan underdeveloped.
Many persons look to the UN to settle the problem,
usually through military intervention. The U.S. holds
a lot of sway over the UN. The U.S. and the other
dominant powers sit on the UN Security Council and use
their prevailing military and economic weight to get
their way to serve their own self serving interests
masked under human concern. When it does not get its
way it simply ignores the UN such as the case of the
U.S. Invasion of Iraq. Other examples involving Africa
include when the U.S. government ignored UN trade
sanctions against the racist regimes in Southern
Rhodesia--today Zimbabwe-and South Africa.
U.S. Intervention Worsens the Problem
Militarily interfering worsens the state of affairs.
The U.S., with probably the best or among the best
trained armies in the world and certainly the best
equipped, cannot stop the internecine fighting among
different Iraqi groupings. Both U.S. civilian and
military leaders say that the violence will have to be
resolved politically. Although they do not admit it,
U.S. military involvement and presence is not the
answer. Media â€śman on the street pollsâ€ť in the U.S.
and Iraq agree.
The only true and lasting solution to the Sudan crisis
lies within the Sudanese people themselves to settle
their problems without outside military or political
interference. Lift the sanctions. Provide Sudan
unconditional humanitarian assistance. Cancel its
Afrol News. US. expands military presence in Africa.
Retrieved March 15, 2007. Retrieved from: afrol.com
Association of Concerned Africa Scholars. (n.d.). U.S.
military in Africa. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
Metz H.C. (1991). Sudan: A country Study. Washington:
GPO for the Library
of Congress, 1991.
Rodney, Walter.(1974). How Europe underdeveloped
Africa. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press,
Schraeder, P. J.(2002). United States Policy towards
Africa: Incrementalism, crisis and change. MA:
Cambridge University Press
United Nations. Sudan. (n.d.). Retrieved March 15,
2007. Retrieved from www.UN.org.